On Tuesday May 29, the survey report
on attitudes towards Jews and other minorities within the Norwegian population was launched at the Centre for Holocaust studies in Oslo. The survey is the first in Norway to systematically explore Anti-Semitism in Norway. The Centre for Holocaust Studies was responsible for the survey, EWC's head of Research and Development was part of the academic reference group.
The findings show, that about 12% of the Norwegian population hold “consequent” Anti-Semitic views. The proportion of the population who express antipathy against Jews (9.7%) or do not want to have Jews as friends or neighbors (8%) are lower. These findings place Norway in a field of European countries with rather “modest” proportions of anti-Semitism, such as the UK and the other Scandinavian countries. The report indicates also, which groups of the population hold stronger anti-Semitic attitudes. On the one hand, people who generally reject minorities, would also be negative towards Jews. Anti-Semitism proves to be linked to xenophobia in general.
Another context is the debate about the Middle East conflict. The vast majority of the group holding strong Anti-Semitic attitudes holds strong pro-Palestinian views. The majority of people being critical towards Israel however does not at all support anti-Semitic views.
The report contains recommendations, several of them related to education. It is recommended to address Anti-Semitic attitudes within three contexts:
Download the Report
- As a form of racism and xenophobia, with clear parallels to other forms of group focused enmity
- In the contexts of the debates about the Middle East conflict
- As phenomenon with a specific history and development over time, with special focus on anti-Jewish myths and stereotypes
(The report is Norwegian, but a summary in English is included)